Rules & Regulations
3. FOAL BOOK, STUDBOOKS, STUDBOOK REGISTERS, AUXILIARY STUDBOOK (HULPSTAMBOEK), SUBSIDIARY REGISTERS (B-BOOKS)
The Studbooks and the Foal Book are maintained for Friesian horses which are sired by FPS Studbook Stallions with Approved Breeding Privileges and produced by mares entered in the FPS Studbook, Foal Book or Auxiliary Studbook. Purebred Friesians born in North America prior to 1995, with FPS traceable lineage which do not qualify for Studbook registration will be entered in a Subsidiary Register (B-Book).B-Book I: If a B Book II mare is bred to an approved KFPS Studbook stalion, the resulting offspring is eligible to be registered in B Book I. B-Book II: Offspring of mares bred to unapproved (Foalbook) stallions are eligible for registration only in B-Book II. FHANA does not accept registration applications for B-Book II horses, and members wishing to register such horses must do so directly with the KFPS in the Netherlands.
- Foal Book is the basic registry for Friesian horses whose lineage (see above) would qualify them for entry into a Studbook at adulthood.
- Studbooks are the basic registries for eligible (see above) adult Friesians, segregated by gender.
- Studbook Registers are listings within the studbooks of certain horses which qualify for specific status/predicates (star, model, preferential, or performance mother).
- Auxiliary Studbook is a register of Friesian mares who had been branded but whose lineage was untraceable.
- Subsidiary Registers or B-Books are registers of certain purebred Friesians with FPS traceable lineage which do not qualify for the Studbooks or Foal Book.
For foreign affiliates of FPS, in countries where there were no or insufficient Studbook Stallions with Approved Breeding Privileges available, the FPS allowed the offspring of specific Foal Book Stallions to be registered in the Foal Book/Studbooks under certain limited conditions. In recent years such horses have been registered in the B-Book. This practice is no longer permitted in North America.
3.2. FOAL BOOK
3.2.1. Qualification - All foals whose lineage qualifies them for Studbook registration (see section 3.1. above) may be entered in the Foal Book. There are no restrictions based on physical appearance or soundness. See Section 2.6.--2.8. for further details of Foal Book registration.
3.2.2. Foal Book Adults – Some horses registered in the Foal Book will not be eligible, as adults, for registration in the Studbooks for Mares, Geldings or Stallions. Refer to eligibility requirements for each Studbook. Common reasons for permanent Foal Book status are unacceptable white markings or serious fault or unsoundness. In addition some gelding owners never present their horses for registration in the Studbook for Geldings. All stallions who do not qualify as Studbook Stallions will remain in the Foal Book permanently.
22.214.171.124. Foal Book Mares and Their Produce - When mares registered in the Foal Book are bred to Studbook Stallions with Approved Breeding Privileges the resulting produce is eligible for Foal Book registration and may be judged for inclusion in the Studbook for Mares or the Studbook for Geldings at age 3 or older. A Foal Book mare’s male produce are not eligible for the Studbook for Stallions; refer to Section 126.96.36.199.
3.3. STUDBOOKS FOR MARES AND GELDINGS
3.3.1. Studbook Mares and Geldings
188.8.131.52. Judging - Mares and geldings older than 3 years may be judged for inclusion in the Studbook for Mares or Studbook for Geldings. This evaluation is conducted annually at the judging sites throughout North America. The original Registration Certificate must accompany the horse to the judging.
184.108.40.206. Eligibility for Studbook Mare or Studbook Gelding requires that they:
- be registered in the Foal Book;
- be at least 1.54 meters (15 hands) at the withers;
- be black and have no white except for a small star or a few white hairs on the forehead or muzzle; white is not permitted on the body, legs or hoofs;
- be sound; unsound horses cannot enter the Studbook;
- be free of hereditary defects (mares with hereditary defects should not be used for breeding); criteria of rejection are, among others: ringbone, bone spavin, curb, bog spavin, swollen stifle joint, lameness, dished face, insufficient shoulder height, poor use of the hind legs, defects of the stifle including a locking or loose stifle or improper development of the hock.
220.127.116.11.Criteria for acceptance in the Studbooks requires that the horse demonstrate conformation and movement which adequately meets the desired typical Friesian characteristics, as outlined in section 2.1.2.
18.104.22.168. Registration Certificate - The original Foal Book Registration Certificate must be relinquished at the time of entry in the Studbook. It will be replaced with a Studbook Registration Certificate.
3.3.2. Star Mare And Star Gelding Registers
22.214.171.124. Judging - Studbook mares and geldings may be judged for inclusion in the Star Mare and Star Gelding registers. At the time of initial entry in the Studbook, all mares and geldings are automatically evaluated for Star. Studbook mares and geldings without the star designation are permitted to be re-evaluated in subsequent years. The original Studbook Registration Certificate must accompany the horse to the judging. This evaluation is conducted annually at the judging sites throughout North America.
126.96.36.199. Eligibility for Star Mare and Star Gelding requires that they:
- previously or simultaneously be designated as a Studbook Mare or Studbook Gelding;
- be at least 1.56 meters (15.1 hands) at the withers, and at least 1.58 meters (15.2 1/4hands) at the withers for Star geldings.
188.8.131.52. Criteria for designation as Star requires the horse demonstrate to the judges:
- conformation meeting the breeding objective of the FPS (see Section 2.1., including sub sections);
- totally correct movement;
- the walk must be straight, powerful and flexible, with good reach from the shoulder while the hind quarters swing forward with power;
- the trot should be a reaching and forward movement with power from the hind quarters and flexion in the hock; it should be elevated and light-footed with a moment of suspension; there should be no winging, paddling or interfering;
- mandatory IBOP testing, or the equivalent, may be required.
184.108.40.206. Registration Certificate - The original Registration Certificate must be relinquished at the time of entry in the Star register. Following payment of the Star Registration Fee to the FHANA, the owner will receive a Registration Certificate showing the Studbook Star register.
3.3.3. Crown/Kroon Predicate-The Crown Predicate is a predicate in which demands are made for both superior conformation and performance ability. The designation for the (provisional) Crown Predicate takes place during the annual inspection circuit from mares three years and older who are awarded a first premium in that same year. The judges may reconsider these first premium mares and may name exceptional mares as "Provisional Crown". The minimum height for the Crown designation is 1.58m (15.2). To complete the requirements for the Crown Predicate, the mare must perform (before or after being judged for Crown) an IBOP or ABFP test with a minimum of 77.0 points, and an average of 7 for walk and the trot. Obtaining the Sport Predicate will also satisfy the performance requirement for the Crown designation.
3.3.4. Model Mare Register-The Model Predicate is a predicate in which demands are made for both superior conformation and performance ability. Only the best mares in the population are eligible for the Model predicate. The designation for the (Provisional) Model takes place during the annual inspection circuit from mares seven years and older who are already Star or Crown and who are awarded a first premium in that same year. The judges may reconsider these first premium mares and may name exceptional mares as "Provisional Model". As additional requirements to be considered for provisional Model or Model, the mare must be fertile as demonstrated by having borne and nursed a foal and be at least 1.60m (15.3 hands) in height. To complete the requirements for the Model Predicate, the mare must perform (before or after being judged for Model) an IBOP or ABFP test with a minimum of 77.0 points, and an average of 7 for the walk and the trot. Obtaining the Sport Predicate will also satisfy the performance requirement for the Model designation.
3.3.5. Preferential Mare Register
220.127.116.11. Qualification for preferential status requires that Studbook or Auxiliary Studbook mares must have produced at least four quality offspring which were:
- star or model mare
- star gelding
- studbook stallion with approved breeding privileges
- stallion which has reached the second level of a recognized stallion judging. In The Netherlands this means being judged on the Saturday of the annual Stallion Judging; in North America the equivalent is being qualified for consideration for the Central Stallion Proving (i.e. video of the stallion was reviewed by the FPS selection committee in The Netherlands)
This method of selecting Preferential Mares was initiated in 1992. Prior to that time a more complex method was used which required a certain number of points based on offsprings' premiums and status/predicates.
18.104.22.168. Application - Preferential status may be awarded to living mares or can be awarded posthumously. Owners or breeders who believe a mare qualifies for Preferential status should contact the FHANA Secretary. Following payment of the appropriate fee, the records of the mare's offspring will be checked to verify her Preferential status.
3.3.6. Performance Mother (Prestatie) Register
22.214.171.124. Qualification for Performance Mother status requires that three or more of the Studbook or Auxiliary Studbook mare's offspring achieve at high levels of performance under saddle or as driving horses. Performance achievement must be demonstrated in competition at very high levels, for example: qualification for international level driving events; an AA classification in an I.B.O.P. test; competing successfully at 4th level dressage or over jumps of up to 4 feet; or in other events requiring equivalent levels of performance ability as authorized by FPS.
126.96.36.199. Application - Owners or breeders who believe a mare qualifies for Performance Mother status should contact the FHANA Secretary. Following payment of the appropriate fee, the performance records of the mare's offspring will be reviewed to verify her Performance Mother status.
3.3.7 Sport Predicate-predicate can be awarded to mares, gelding, and stallions that achieve good results in competitive sport. The Sport predicate can only be obtained based on results achieved at shows registered with the " United States Equestrian Federation, United States Dressage Federation, American Driving Society" or "Koninklijke Nederlands Hippische Sportfederatie”/Royal Dutch Equestrian Federation (KNHS). The scores registered with USEF, USDF, ADS, or KNHS determine qualification for the Sport predicate.
188.8.131.52Criteria-The minimum criteria for awarding the Sport criteria are:
a. Dressage Z1+5 Dressage (USDF) 5 scores of 60% or higher at third level or higher; or Z1 Level test 24 or test 26 with 5 scores of 60% or higher.
b. Driving (Dressage) Z + 10 Obtain Ten points from FEI test #9 from at least 3 different FEI or 'R' rated judges. The point system is as follows: Great than 55% including 65% = 1 point, Greater than 48% including 55% = 2 points, 48% and below = 3 points You must submit your score sheets to the FHANA upon completion of each event. FHANA will keep track of your points. Once your horse has obtained the appropriate points (10 Points) you will be contacted that your horse has achieved the Sports Predicate.
3.4. AUXILIARY STUDBOOK (HULPSTAMBOEK) FOR MARES
3.4.1. Qualification - Included in this registry are mares of untraceable lineage who were branded with an "F" or "FS" and demonstrated the physical characteristics of a Friesian.
3.4.2. Purpose - The Auxiliary Book was primarily used by the FPS to help in establishment of the Studbook. This book is now essentially closed because mares of unknown lineage born after tattooing was initiated in the 1970's can be traced through their tattoo code.
3.5. STUDBOOK FOR STALLIONS
3.5.1. Eligibility - Stallions registered in the Foal Book which are age 3 or older may be presented as candidates for the Central Stallion Proving for Studbook Stallions by being entered for and presented at one of the Inspection sites organized by FHANA in North America. Stallion candidates must be sired by an approved stallion and out of a mare registered in the Studbook and must be microchipped for identification.
184.108.40.206. Eligibility Based on Physical Appearance - To be eligible for consideration as a candidate for the Central Stallion Proving stallions must:
- be at least 1.58 meters (15.2¼ hands) at age 3 and at least 1.60 meters (15.3 hands) at age 4;
- be entirely black with no white markings except for a small star or a few white hairs on the forehead or muzzle; white is not permitted on the body, legs or hoofs; even the acceptable white markings of the head are highly undesireable, and stallions with such markings may only be approved in exceptional cases.
- demonstrate to the inspection jury that their movement and conformation is of sufficiently exceptional quality to warrant consideration as a Studbook Stallion.
3.5.2. Judging for Candidacy for the Central Stallion Proving can be conducted annually at the judging sites throughout North America. Re-evaluation is permitted in subsequent years. Candidates for the Central Stallion Proving must meet all FPS requirements, which include consideration of stallions' pedigree, breeding values and kinship. Consideration is also given to the quality and accomplishments of a stallion candidate's dam and other relatives. If a stallion qualifies for consideration for the Central Stallion Proving, a video of the stallion will be reviewed by the FPS in The Netherlands. If the stallion's candidacy is approved, he will be invited to the Central Stallion Proving, subject to the pre-evaluations noted below.
3.5.2 a. Star Stallions-Stallions meeting the physical requirements set forth above, while not being accepted for Central Proving, may be granted the Star predicate if their conformation and movement are judged to be superior. Star stallions remain in the Foalbook and are not approved for breeding.
220.127.116.11. Candidacy of Exceptional Performance Horses - Foal Book stallions excelling in equestrian sports may be able to become Studbook Stallions with Approved Breeding Privileges on the basis of their performance record, provided they do not have any defects. Refer to the KFPS for specific rules regarding eligibility for the Short Test.
3.5.3. Candidate's Pre-Evaluations - Prior to final selection as a candidate for the Central Stallion Proving, certain pre-evaluations must be performed at the owner's expense:
- X-Rays, as specified by the FPS, must be taken of legs and feet;
- Semen analysis, as specified by the FPS, must be performed and meet minimum standards;
- Parentage Verification, if not already established, will be required;
- DNA Analysis, as specified by the KFPS, may be required.
3.5.4. Central Stallion Proving
18.104.22.168. Location, Frequency and Duration - The Central Stallion Proving shall be held at an unbiased training center in North America, under the direction of an experienced trainer selected by the FHANA. The frequency of Stallion Provings will depend upon the number of qualified candidates and other circumstances, such as logistics. The daily training schedule of the Central Stallion Proving is determined by the FPS and will require a minimum of three weeks duration.
22.214.171.124. Evaluation of the Stallions will be made by FPS judges during the final days of the Stallion Proving. Stallions will be rated in each of the following areas:
- performance under saddle
- performance as a driving horse to demonstrate obedience
- performance pulling a sledge
- performance as a carriage show horse to demonstrate action
- character and temperament
- stable manners
- training manners
Detailed requirements for the evaluation will be provided to the owners of stallions selected for the Central Stallion Proving. The final determination as to whether a stallion will be accepted for entry into the Studbook and provisionally approved for breeding is up to the KFPS stallion committee.
126.96.36.199. Costs of the Central Stallion Proving will be divided equally among the owners of the participating stallions. To include hotel, flights, cars, and all expenses associated with the judging including those costs associated with facility.
188.8.131.52. Accountability - By presenting the stallion for the Central Stallion Proving, the stallion owner acknowledges that this is done on a voluntary basis, that the stallion participates entirely at the owner's risk, that the owner will pay all costs associated with the Central Stallion Proving and that neither FHANA, FPS, nor those who are charged with the care and training can be held responsible for whatever consequences may occur.
3.5.5. Entry in Studbook for Stallions - Those candidates which successfully pass the Central Stallion Proving and all other qualifications, will be given Friesian names which have not previously been used for stallions, and will be entered in the Studbook for Stallions and given the next consecutive stallion studbook number.
3.5.6. Provisional Approval for Breeding - Those stallions which enter the Studbook for Stallions will receive provisional Approved Breeding Privileges.
184.108.40.206. Offspring Judging-The breeding status of a studbook stallion is determined on the basis of offspring evaluation. This process begins with assessment of the stallion's first foal crop and continues until the stallion is rejected from further service or achieves permanent approval. Refer to the KFPS for the specifics of offspring approval.
3.5.7. Approved Breeding Privileges Withdrawn - Stallions which have had their breeding approval withdrawn remain listed in the Studbook for Stallions, although they are no longer eligible as sires of studbook horses. All offspring born or conceived prior to the withdrawal of Approved Breeding Privileges remain eligible for studbook registration.
3.5.8. Maintaining Approved Breeding Privileges - All Studbook Stallions with Approved Breeding Privileges must be judged annually. They are also informally evaluated on the basis of their offspring every year. A decline in the quality of offspring or the discovery of hereditary faults may result in the withdrawal of Approved Breeding Privileges from any Studbook Stallion at any time. In addition, stallion owners must comply with all FHANA and FPS requirements in order to maintain their stallions' breeding approval status.
3.5.9. Preferential Stallions - Preferential status may be awarded to stallions either living or dead, that have shown consistency and quality in passing on their genetic qualities. The oldest offspring must be at least 10 years old and there must be sufficient numbers to judge sport performance and growth of older offspring. The stallion should have one or more sons approved on offspring. Criteria for the stallion and his offspring are listed in order of importance:
- Exterior – Comparison of the stallion’s percentage of Star, Model, Approved Stallion, Preferential, and not approved offspring against overall averages for all stallions during the general time period.
- Performance – As shown in various sport associations, IBOP, ABFP, performance tests of stallions, and national and regional competitions.
- Fertility – 50% average over the entire breeding period
- Hereditary defects and growth – Information about possible hereditary defects acquired after the offspring judging and growth of horses after they have been approved for the studbook.
- Color and markings – Distinguish between allowed (head) and non-allowed (legs and body) white markings. Also distinguish with regard to the average.
- Size – What are the average sizes of offspring, taking into consideration the sizes of the dams, and how this compares to the ideal size shown in the breeding policy
3.6. SUBSIDIARY REGISTERS (B-BOOKS)
Purebred Friesian horses of FPS traceable lineage not eligible for the Studbooks (i.e.sire was not a Studbook Stallion with Approved Breeding Privileges or dam was not registered in the Studbook, Auxiliary Studbook or Foal Book) may be registered in a Subsidiary Register (B-Book). See the chart in Appendix G.
3.6.1. B-Book I - Horses sired by a KFPS Studbook Stallion with Approved Breeding Privileges and produced by a mare registered in B-Book II may be registered in B-Book I. A horse with B-Book I ancestors may be transferred to the main Studbook if the father, grandfathers and great-grandfathers were all Studbook Stallions with Approved Breeding Privileges and if the horse meets the other qualifications for Studbook entry.
220.127.116.11. B-Book I Sub-Registers - B-Book I consists of sub-registers for foals, mares, geldings and star mares/geldings. B-Book I foals receive identification codes. Mares and geldings registered in B-Book I may be considered for B-Book Star status; the qualifications for the mare, gelding and star sub-registers of B-Book I are the same as for Studbook horses (see section 3.3.1. and 3.3.2.).
18.104.22.168. B-Book I Registration Document - The registration certificate for B-Book I horses is Gray/Black and white in color.
3.6.2. B-Book II - Offspring of mares bred to unapproved (Foalbook) stallions are eligible for registration only i B-Book II. FHANA does not accept registration applications for B-Book II horses, and members wishing to register such horses must do so directly with the KFPS in the Netherlands. The registration certificate for B-Book II horses is Black/Gray and White in color. B-Book horses are not eligible for inspection in North America.
22.214.171.124. B-Book II Registration Document - The registration document for the B-Book II is Black & Gray.