KFPS/ FHANA Approved Stallion Process
The Stallion inspection is part of the breeding program of the KFPS. During the stallion inspection, foalbook stallions are presented in judging rounds; on the basis of the results of this judging, these stallions can be referred to the Central Examinations. During the selection process, the stallions are subject to minimum requirements, some of which are non-subjective and others of which are subjective in nature. At the end of the selection process, the collected information and assessment is used to decide whether a stallion will be entered in the studbook register. The selection criteria are pedigree, degree of relationship to the population, exterior, movement, capacity for equestrian sport, quality of legs based on X-ray assessment, semen quality and other veterinary aspects. The Stallion Inspection Jury advises the Governing Board in regard to the registration of stallions in the studbook register. The stallion inspection also involves the inspection of stallions already in the studbook register.
- All foalbook stallions that were 3 years of age before 1 July of the year in which the first round of judging takes place.(Since inspections are only held once a year, in fall in the US, and CE Testing Starts in December of the same year, Stallions must be three (3) to be considered for CE.
Eligibility Based on Physical Appearance - To be eligible for consideration as a candidate for the Central Stallion Proving stallions must:
- Be at least 1.58 meters (15.2 hands) at age 3 and at least 1.60 meters (15.3 hands) at age 4;
- The permissible (white) markings noted in the regulations on stallions eligible for being entered in the studbook register are highly undesirable. In addition to the permissible markings on the head, stallions will also be checked for white markings on the soles of their hooves during the clinical examination conducted during the first round of judging. The presence of white markings on the sole can be reason for not permitting a stallion to participate in the second round. The owner will be informed of this within three workdays. In exceptional cases, when a stallion exhibits extremely high quality with reference to the selection criteria, such a stallion can be admitted to the second round even though it displays a permissible marking. If such a stallion is ultimately entered in the studbook register, mention of the marking will be included in the assessment report. Markings on genitalia are judged less severely.
- Demonstrate to the inspection jury that their movement and conformation is of sufficiently exceptional quality to warrant consideration as a Studbook Stallion.
Eligibility Based on Pedigree and Dam - There are strict requirements for the pedigrees and dams of prospective Studbook Stallions:
- The pedigree of the stallion may not contain any mares registered in the B-Books for four generations.
- The registration certificate of the stallion may not contain any Foal Book parents or grandparents.
- White on the legs will not be allowed within the first three generations of the pedigree of the stallion. A white hoof or hoof sole is also undesirable.
- The mother, grandmother and great-grandmother must all be star or star quality mares.
- The dam line (female ancestors on the bottom line of the pedigree) of Studbook Stallions should be fertile and of consistent high quality, as shown by the presence of Preferential ancestors.
- The dams of Studbook Stallions may not have any leg defects. In case of doubt, a veterinary exam will be required.
- The sporting and IBOP results of the dam and offspring of the dam line will be considered in the evaluation for Studbook Stallion.
- The disposition of the dam will be considered in the evaluation for Studbook Stallion.
- Dams of Studbook Stallions must not have over or under bites; navel hernias and stable vices are also undesirable.
- The dams and possibly other horses related to a stallion referred to the Central Examination will be assessed by the KFPS Inspection Team. The findings will be included as factors in arriving at the decision as to whether to enter a stallion in the studbook register after the Central Examination has been conducted.
Judging for Candidacy for the Stallion Central Examination can be conducted annually at the judging sites throughout North America. Re-evaluation is permitted in subsequent years. Candidates for the Stallion Central Examination must meet all KFPS requirements for judging presentation. If a stallion qualifies for consideration for the Stallion Central Examination, a video of the stallion will be reviewed by the KFPS in The Netherlands. If the stallion's candidacy is approved, he will be invited to the STallion Central examination,subject to the pre-evaluations noted below.
Please use this form when completing the stallion slelction process. This form can be given directly to your veterinarian and it will give them a step by step process of everything that needs to be completed and turned in.
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE RADIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF THE KFPS STALLIONS FOR THE CLASSIFICATION IN THE BREEDING PROGRAM (2009-2010).
- A complete set of radiographs for the review of the veterinary classification committee comprises 22 radiographs of excellent radio-technical quality according to projection and exposure.
(Projections according: A standardized nomenclature for radiographic projections used in veterinary medicine. James E. Smallwood et al. Veterinary Radiology, Vol.26, No. 1, 1985; pp 2-9)
- Name of the horse, registration number, chip number, date of X-ray examination and the indication of the legs have to be printed on the radiographs.
- Prints of the X-rays are required. Maximal size of the prints 25 x 30 cm (9.8 – 11.8 inches).
(Complete information on the x-rays requirements can be obtained through the FHANA office by request.)
Stallions foaled before January 1, 2007
|Navicular Disease||Class 0-1-2 (acceptable)|
|Arthritis, pastern/fetlock||Class 0-1-2-3 (acceptable)|
|Spavin||Class 0-1-2 (acceptable)|
Stallions foaled on January 1, 2007 or thereafter
|Navicular disease||Class 0-1-2 (acceptable)|
|Arthritis, pastern/fetlock||Class 0-1-2-3 (acceptable)|
|Spavin||Class 0-1-2 (acceptable)|
|Osteochondrosis, hock||Class A-B-C|
|Osteochondrosis, knee||Class A-B-c|
The secondary findings revealed during X-ray testing such as ringbones, sidebones and calcification of the processus extensorius, etc. will be considered in the Stallion Inspection Jury’s decision-making process but will not essentially impede participation in the judging.
Findings from the semen analysis will be assessed only if this testing was conducted at an agency selected for this purpose by the KFPS.
Stallions being tested must be unshod. The owner is responsible for any risks during stabling, semen collection and transport. The owner must present the stallion’s registration certificate. The findings of the semen testing will be determined on the basis of two collections taken about one hour apart.
The finding of semen testing are valid only if the testing was conducted within 12 months previous to the second round of judging. Stallions that participated previously in a second round of judging will thus have to undergo semen testing again.
(Any stallions that underwent semen testing in a foreign country and have been referred to the Central Examination will have to undergo another testing in the Netherlands before participating in the Central Examination).
The findings of the semen testing will be assessed by a committee assigned by the KFPS for this purpose. This committee can recommend that the testing be repeated.
The findings of the semen testing have to be made available to the KFPS by a date established by the KFPS. If the findings do not reach the KFPS by this date, the stallion will be excluded from participation in the second round of judging.
To continue participation the stallions will have to satisfy the following norms.
Stallions that are 3 years of age during the calendar year in which the second round of judging is held
- 600 x 106 TNB, Morphology: at least 50.0%, motility: at least 50%
- 800 x 106 TNB, Morphology: at least 45.0%, motility: at least 50%
Stallions that are 4 years of age or older during the calendar year in which the second round of judging is held:
- 1000 x 106 TNB, morphology: at least 50.0%, motility: at least 50%
- 1200 x 106 TNB, Morphology: at least 45.0%, motility: at least 50%
Stallions with incorrect genitals are barred from continuing on with the judging. FHANA has learned in the selection of previous approved stallions in North America that the demands made on North American stallions are very different than those of The Netherlands. Specifically the ability of the semen to maintain substantial progressive motility for extended periods of time, 24 to 48 hours. We therefore strongly encourage Prospective Stallion Candidates to, after selection for testing but prior to arrival at the 70 day testing facility, perform a series of collections on the candidate and attempt to develop a protocal that best suits your horse's semen. This protocol will create an environment in which the semen will remain viable under the typical shipping conditions experienced in North America. In doing this you will insure that your horse, if selected, will be capable of servicing the North American market. This testing and information will remain confidential and is not a requirement either by FHANA or the KFPS, only a suggestion to insure that your stallion, if selected, will be capable of servicing this specific market.
For participation in the Central Examination stallions must have been tested for the single recessive characteristics chestnut color, dwarfism and hydrocephaly. Carrier status does not rule out participation in the Central Examination or acceptance for Studbook registration. Publishing of test results only applies to stallions that are registered in the Studbook. Publishing of test results is also included in the registration report. Taking samples is carried out during the veterinary inspection as part of the Second Viewing or after inspection.
KFPS/FHANA requires an experienced Veterinary hospital that is familiar with the stallion approval process conducts this testing. You will need to get approval for X-Ray clinicians from the KFPS.
- The cost for this portion of the testing can reach as high as $5,000.00
- All X-Rays and Semen testing needs to be complete and sent directly to the FHANA (address below.)
- Please check and double check all of your information again to make sure it is complete so as to not incur any additional costs.
X-ray films can be assessed only if they were made by one of the clinics approved by the KFPS. For the Netherlands, these are the “inspection veterinarians”. For other countries, the choice of such a veterinarian must be made in consultation with the KFPS. The films must be made according to the protocol for this procedure.
When tested, the stallions must be at least 26 months old.
The X-ray films are assessed by a committee appointed by the KFPS.
The original X-ray films will remain the property of the KFPS for further research.
Unless the criteria will be changed by the KFPS, the findings of the X-ray testing will apply within the framework of stallion selection throughout the life of the stallion.
An appeal against the findings of the X-ray testing can be submitted to the KFPS no later than two weeks after the assessment date. The reassessment will be conducted by a reassessment committee, the owner being responsible for the costs involved. The appeal procedure involves two elements:
- A reassessment of the existing films.
- A first assessment of the new films. The first set of films is also included in this assessment.
The findings of the X-ray testing have to be made available to the FHANA by no later than October 31, in the year the stallion is referred to the jury.. Where they will then be sent to KFPS (Utrecht) for review. If the X-Rays and semen results are not available by this date, the stallion will be excluded from participation in the second round of judging. The University of Utrecht makes all final decisions from X-rays & Semen testing. No other veterinarian hospital recommendation will be considered. The cost to have your X-Rays viewed is $125.00.
Friesian Horse Association of North America 4037 Iron Works Parkway, Suite 160 Lexington, KY 40511 Attention to: Jason Tice